Democracy watchdog Freedom House is an independent and voluntary organization based in
America since 1941. Freedom House was set up after the observation of peak narcissism and
excessive denial of liberty and freedom worldwide. It generates its annual report of 195
countries and 15 territories after the external analysis through extensive research from various
articles, news, government reports, local contacts and various other sources. World report
shows numerical ratings and descriptive texts after data researched and arranged by the
advisory team, analyst and staff of Freedom House.
Freedom house’s report 2021 has degraded the numerical score of India from 71 to 67 and
declares it in the category from “Free” into “Partly Free” due to the prevailing discriminatory
policies and observation of violation of Muslims, Sikhs and other minorities’ fundamental
rights. This has never happened before but after observing the performance of government and
political parties in the last 10 years it is emphatic and evident of declaring India from Free into
a partially free country.
“India’s status declined from Free to Partly Free due to a multiyear pattern in which the
Hindu nationalist government and its allies have presided over rising violence and
discriminatory policies affecting the Muslim population and pursued a crackdown on
expressions of dissent by the media, academics, civil society groups, and protesters,” the
Freedom House reports mark the scales of India by observing the electoral process, political
systems and government function within the countries and Kashmir is not part of it. Freedom
House prepares its report by rating countries on two scales –Political Rights and Civil Liberties
around the world.
India has slipped from 4 points 61 from 71 as compared to the previous
year’s report. 125 analysts and over 40 consultants are involved in the assessment of every
country for Freedom House’s Report. Political rights make up 85% and Civil liberties make up
55%. Freedom house’s report was called Balance sheet of freedom in 1972.
INDIA PARTLY FREE 67/100
Political Rights 34/40
Civil Liberties 33/60
“Political Rights and Civil Liberties in the country have deteriorated since Narendra
Modi became Prime Minister in 2014, with increased pressure on human rights
organizations, rising intimidation of academics and journalists, and a spate of bigoted
attacks, including lynching’s, aimed at Muslims,” as stated in the report.
Freedom report has assessed various perspectives and subdivided them as follow:
Electoral process 12/12
Political Pluralism and Participation subcategory 13/16
The functioning of Government subcategory 9/12
Freedom of Expression and Belied Subcategory 9/16
Associational and Organisational Rights subcategory 7/12
Rule of Law subcategory 8/16
Personal Autonomy and Individual rights 9/16
The Freedom House observes the electoral process of every country and territory therefore
while analysing the transparency of the electoral process in India they gave 4 out of 4 points
and still downgrades India for oppressing the political rights of Muslims and dissenting voices.
“The political rights of India’s Muslims continue to be threatened. In December 2019,
Parliament adopted the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), which grants special access
to Indian Citizenship to Non-Muslim immigrants and refugees from neighbouring
Muslim-majority states. At the same time, the government moved forward with plans for
the creation of a national register of Citizens. Many observers believe the register’s
purpose is to disenfranchise Muslim voters by effectively classifying them as illegal
immigrants. Importantly, Muslims disproportionately lack documentation attesting to
their place of birth. Undocumented Non-Muslims, meanwhile, would be eligible for
citizenship through a fast track process under CAA,” noted in the report while adding
citizenship status of two million residents of Assam in the north-eastern state in 2019.
Modi needs to re-consider his policies for making Indi aa free country by enabling the protection of religious and human rights of its citizens.